Journal or Book Title
The Astrophysical Journal
Most supernovae are expected to explode in low-density hot media, particularly in galactic bulges and elliptical galaxies. The remnants of such supernovae, although difficult to detect individually, can be profoundly important in heating the media on large scales. We characterize the evolution of this kind of supernova remnant, based on analytical approximations and hydrodynamic simulations. We generalize the standard Sedov solution to account for both temperature and density effects of the ambient media. Although cooling can be neglected, the expansion of such a remnant deviates quickly from the standard Sedov solution and asymptotically approaches the ambient sound speed as the swept-up thermal energy becomes important. The relatively steady and fast expansion of the remnants over large volumes provides an ideal mechanism for spatially distributed heating, which may help to alleviate the overcooling problem of hot gas in groups and clusters of galaxies, as well as in galaxies themselves. The simulations were performed with the FLASH code.
Tang, S and Wang, QD, "Supernova Blast Waves in Low-Density Hot Media: A Mechanism for Spatially Distributed Heating" (2005). The Astrophysical Journal. 1005.