The advent of independence throughout francophone Africa in 1960 ushered in an era of transition for France and her former colonies. France provided development assistance and technical expertise to former francophone African colonies through the Ministry of Cooperation, created expressly for the newly independent countries. In cinema, financial and technical assistance was provided on two levels: The Consortium Audiovisuel International (CAl), the private sector ann of the Ministry of Cooperation established in 1961, produced newsreels, educational documentaries, and other special projects for the former colonies; theBureau du Cinema (Film Bureau),on the other hand, provided financial and technical assistance to African fIlmmakers.
"Film Production in Francophone Africa 1961 to 1977: Ousmane Sembene -- An Exception,"
Contributions in Black Studies:
Vol. 11, Article 5.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/cibs/vol11/iss1/5