Event Title

Session C1: APS, AAPT, and SPS Poster Session - Comparative exact studies of phase separation instabilities in attractive and repulsive Hubbard models

Location

Concourse, Campus Center, University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Event Website

http://blogs.umass.edu/nes2011/

Start Date

18-11-2011 6:16 PM

End Date

17-11-2011 6:28 PM

Description

With the growing interest of unconventional superconductors, it is believed that these materials have spatial inhomogeneities accompanied with the separate pairing of electrons and subsequent condensation. In doped high-Tc cuprate superconductors, iron pnictide and telluride nanomaterials, above properties can be traced from both repulsive and attractive interactions of electrons. The principle differences and similarities of electron coherent and incoherent pairing instabilities are analyzed using ensembles of small clusters under variation of chemical potential (or doping), interaction strength, temperature and magnetic field. The exact calculations of quantum critical points, the charge and spin collective excitations, and corresponding critical transition temperatures display a common mechanism of phase separation transitions, condensation and formation of spatial inhomogeneities in various cluster geometries. The dependence of the gap function on position of the apical oxygen atom near its sign change due to its vibration provides a simple microscopic explanation of supermodulation of the coherent pairing gap in Bi$_{2}$Sr$_{2}$CaCu$_{2}$O$_{8+\delta }$ seen recently at atomic scale in the scanning tunneling microscopy experiments. Some features of band structures obtained using the local spin density approximation for FeTe will be also discussed.

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Nov 18th, 6:16 PM Nov 17th, 6:28 PM

Session C1: APS, AAPT, and SPS Poster Session - Comparative exact studies of phase separation instabilities in attractive and repulsive Hubbard models

Concourse, Campus Center, University of Massachusetts - Amherst

With the growing interest of unconventional superconductors, it is believed that these materials have spatial inhomogeneities accompanied with the separate pairing of electrons and subsequent condensation. In doped high-Tc cuprate superconductors, iron pnictide and telluride nanomaterials, above properties can be traced from both repulsive and attractive interactions of electrons. The principle differences and similarities of electron coherent and incoherent pairing instabilities are analyzed using ensembles of small clusters under variation of chemical potential (or doping), interaction strength, temperature and magnetic field. The exact calculations of quantum critical points, the charge and spin collective excitations, and corresponding critical transition temperatures display a common mechanism of phase separation transitions, condensation and formation of spatial inhomogeneities in various cluster geometries. The dependence of the gap function on position of the apical oxygen atom near its sign change due to its vibration provides a simple microscopic explanation of supermodulation of the coherent pairing gap in Bi$_{2}$Sr$_{2}$CaCu$_{2}$O$_{8+\delta }$ seen recently at atomic scale in the scanning tunneling microscopy experiments. Some features of band structures obtained using the local spin density approximation for FeTe will be also discussed.

http://scholarworks.umass.edu/climate_nuclearpower/2011/nov18/17