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The role of the crumbs complex in vertebrate rod morphogenesis and its regulation by a novel FERM protein mosaic eyes
Mutations in zebrafish mosaic eyes result in the disrupted retina lamination and other abnormalities. The moe locus encodes a FERM protein. In this study I sought to determine in which molecular pathway moe acts. We propose that Moe forms a complex with the Crumbs (Crb) proteins which are key determinants of the apical cell polarity. I identified zebrafish crb genes and found that expression of crb2a resembles the moe expression. Injection of crb2a antisense morpholinos phenocopies the moe mutations. Moe and Crumbs proteins colocalize in the photoreceptors. I showed Moe and Crumbs proteins, Pals1, and aPKCλ form a complex by pull-down assays and coimmunoprecipitation. I demonstrated that Moe can directly interact with the Crumbs proteins. Using genetic mosaic analyses, I showed that moe is required for rod morphogenesis and moe- rods have greatly expanded apical structures, suggesting that Moe is a negative regulator of Crumbs protein function in photoreceptors. Next I sought to determine the function of each domain of Crb2a/b proteins in rod morphogenesis. I constructed nine Crb2a constructs and made stable fish lines to express each of them specifically in rods. I also made lines that overexpress a Moe peptide that contains the predicted Crumbs proteins binding motif. I showed that Crb2aΔFBD , Crb2aΔFBDΔPBD, Crb2aIntraDD, Crb2aIntraAA, and Crb2aTM-Extra proteins mostly go to the outer segment. Crb2aIntraWT, Crb2aFL, and Crb2aΔPBD localize mostly to the inner segment and cell body. Binding assays showed that GST-Crb2aΔFBD, GST-Crb2aIntraDD, and GST-Crb2aIntraAA do not bind HIS-Moe_FERM as well as GST-Crb2aIntraWT. Overexpression of Crb2aFL and Crb2aΔPBD causes Rhodopsin mislocalization. Crb2aIntra expression causes mislocalization of endogenous Crumbs proteins, indicating a dominant effect of transgene expression. I also showed that Crb2aIntra expression causes an increase in the size of the outer segment by over 50%, and Crb2aIntraAA produces the largest increase. These data suggest that targeting of transgene products to the outer segment is likely due to the impaired binding ability to Moe and that the apical membrane adding activity of Crb2aIntra proteins can be inhibited by Moe. Further, my data show that the interaction of Moe and Crumbs proteins depends on the phosphorylation state of Crumbs proteins.^
Biology, Molecular|Biology, Cell
"The role of the crumbs complex in vertebrate rod morphogenesis and its regulation by a novel FERM protein mosaic eyes"
(January 1, 2007).
Electronic Doctoral Dissertations for UMass Amherst.