Off-campus UMass Amherst users: To download dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your UMass Amherst user name and password.
Non-UMass Amherst users, please click the view more button below to purchase a copy of this dissertation from Proquest.
(Some titles may also be available free of charge in our Open Access Dissertation Collection, so please check there first.)
A process boundary based approach to separations synthesis
Process boundaries and difficult regions for separation units limit the feasible products and recovery of those products. When process boundaries are encountered, a separating agent and or combinations of different types of equipment are used. In this manner, a number of steps are used collectively to meet the separations objective.^ One type of equipment configuration, the distillation-membrane hybrid, has been studied for binary and multicomponent systems. In this hybrid, the distillation column performs the bulk of the separation, because of the favorable economics of distillation. The membrane is used to bypass the process boundaries and difficult regions. Methods for applying and screening these hybrids were developed. Several configurations were examined conceptually. Case studies were performed on the following systems: water-acetic acid, ethanol-water, propylene-propane, benzene-heptane-octane, methanol-ethanol-water.^ Separations synthesis using all possible separation units (crystallization, membranes, distillation, decantation, extraction, etc.) was then examined. A design methodology for generating flowsheets of process alternatives to separate multicomponent systems was developed based on representing process boundaries with linear hyperplanes. This approximation allowed the generation of process alternatives using relatively simple calculations. ^
Engineering, Chemical|Engineering, System Science
Thomas Gilbert Pressly,
"A process boundary based approach to separations synthesis"
(January 1, 1998).
Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest.