The effects and mechanisms of rare earth elements on plant growth have not been extensively characterized. In the current study, Vicia faba L. seedlings were cultivated in lanthanum (La)-containing solutions for 10 days to investigate the possible effects and mechanisms of La on cell proliferation and root lengthening in roots. The results showed that increasing La levels resulted in abnormal calcium (Ca), Ferrum (Fe) or Potassium (K) contents in the roots. Flow cytometry analysis revealed G1/S and S/G2 arrests in response to La treatments in the root tips. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP 70) production showed a U-shaped dose response to increasing La levels. Consistent with its role in cell cycle regulation, HSP 70 fluctuated in parallel with the S-phase ratios and proliferation index. Furthermore, DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs) enhanced at higher La concentrations, perhaps involved in blocking cell progression. Taken together, these data provide important insights into the hormetic effects and mechanisms of REE(s) on plant cell pro- liferation and growth.
Wany, Chengrun; Shi, Cuie; Liu, Ling; Wang, Chen; Qiao, Wei; Gu, Zhimang; and Wang, Xiaorong
"LANTHANUM ELEMENT INDUCED IMBALANCE OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS, HSP 70 PRODUCTION AND DNA-PROTEIN CROSSLINK, LEADING TO HORMETIC RESPONSE OF CELL CYCLE PROGRESSION IN ROOT TIPS OF VICIA FABA L. SEEDLINGS,"
Dose-Response: An International Journal: Vol. 10
, Article 11.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/dose_response/vol10/iss1/11