Organisms are perpetually facing noxious insults but exhibit surprising diverse reaction patterns. Depending on the strength, frequency and quality of the stress stimuli bio- logical systems may react with increased vitality, future stress resistance or with injury and degeneration. Whereas a multitude of such specific stress responses has been observed in diverse biological systems the underlying molecular mechanisms are mainly unknown. These knowledge restrictions urge the exploration of specific molecular signaling reactions controlling the ambivalent responses of cells and organisms to noxious effects. The adaptive responses of signaling networks to defined stress stimuli need to be investigated in a time-and dose-resolved manner in cellular and organismic models. Anticipated results are expected to significantly advance the understanding of the molecular signatures of stress responses and may also promote ongoing efforts for the effective use of the organ- ism’s preventive and regenerative potentials in modern medicine.
Wetzker, Reinhard and Rubio, Ignacio
"HORMETIC SIGNALING PATTERNS,"
Dose-Response: An International Journal:
1, Article 9.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/dose_response/vol10/iss1/9