BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice differ in their Th1/Th2 lymphocyte and M1/M2 macrophage phenotypes, radiosensitivity, and post-irradiation tumor incidence. In this study we evaluated the effects of repeated low-level exposures to X-rays on the development of artificial tumor colonies in the lungs of animals from the two strains and cytotoxic activities of natural killer (NK) cells and macrophages obtained from these mice. After ten daily irradiations of BALB/c or C57BL/6 mice with 0.01, 0.02, and 0.1 Gy X-rays NK cell-enriched splenocytes collected from the animals demonstrated significant and comparable up-regulation of their anti-tumor cytotoxic function. Likewise, peritoneal macrophages collected from the two irradiated strains of mice exhibited the similarly stimulated cytotoxicities against susceptible tumor cells and produced significantly more nitric oxide. These results were accompanied by the significantly reduced numbers of the neoplastic colonies induced in the lungs by intravenous injection of syngeneic tumor cells. The obtained results indicate that ten low-level irradiations with X-rays stimulate the generally similar anti-tumor reactions in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice.
Nowosielska, Ewa M.; Cheda, Aneta; Wrembel-Wargocka, Jolanta; and Janiak, Marek K.
"EFFECT OF LOW DOSES OF LOW-LET RADIATION ON THE INNATE ANTITUMOR REACTIONS IN RADIORESISTANT AND RADIOSENSITIVE MICE,"
Dose-Response: An International Journal:
4, Article 8.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/dose_response/vol10/iss4/8