The AlamarBlue assay is based on fluorometric detection of metabolic mitochondrial activity of cells. In this study, we determined the methodology for application of the assay to radiation response experiments in 96-well plates. AlamarBlue was added and its reduction measured 7 hours later. Selection of the initial number of plated cells was important so that the number of proliferating cells remains lower than the critical number that produced full AlamarBlue reduction (plateau phase) at the time points of measurements. Culture medium was replaced twice a week to avoid suppression of viability due to nutrient competition and metabolic waste accumulation. There was no need to replace culture medium before adding AlamarBlue. Cell proliferation continued after irradiation and the suppression effect on cell viability was most evident on day 8. At this time point, by comparing measurements from irradiated vs. non-irradiated cells, for various dose levels, a viability dose response curve was plotted. Immediately after the 8th day (nadir), cells started to re-grow at a rate inversely related to the radiation dose. By comparing measurements at the time point of nadir vs. a convenient subsequent time point, re-growth dose response abilities were plotted, simulating clonogenic assays.
Zachari, Maria A.; Chondrou, Panagiota S.; Pouliliou, Stamatia E.; Mitrakas, Achilleas G.; Abatzoglou, Ioannis; Zois, Christos E.; and Koukourakis, Michael I.
"EVALUATION OF THE ALAMARBLUE ASSAY FOR ADHERENT CELL IRRADIATION EXPERIMENTS,"
Dose-Response: An International Journal: Vol. 12
, Article 6.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/dose_response/vol12/iss2/6