Event Title

Session C1 - Comparing the Fish and Benthic Macroinvertebrate

Location

UMass Amherst

Event Website

http://fishpassage.ecs.umass.edu/Conference2012/

Start Date

5-6-2012 11:10 AM

End Date

5-6-2012 11:30 AM

Description

Urbanization is associated with substantial losses to stream biological diversity throughout the United States mid- Atlantic. Stream restoration has been used to improve stream conditions and, in part, to ameliorate these losses. However, the relationship between restoration and recovery of biological diversity is unclear. Our objective was to critically examine the efficacy of urban stream restorations with regard to biological diversity. We compared restored urbantreams to urban nonrestored, nonurban, and reference (minimally degraded) streams using five measures each of fish and benthic macroinvertebrate diversity. Both multivariate and univariate statistical analyses show biological diversity of restored urban streams to be similar to nonrestored urban streams and lower than nonurban and reference streams. Restored urban sites showed no apparent increase in biological diversity through time, while diversity decreased at two of the reference streams coincident with increased urban development within their catchments. Our results indicate that restoration approaches commonly used regionally as in these urban streams are not leading to recovery of native stream biodiversity. Evidence from several sources indicates a need for dramatic changes in restoration approach, and we argue for a watershed-scale focus including protection of the least impacted streams and adopting other land-based actions within the watershed where possible.

Comments

Scott Stranko has worked at the Maryland Department of Natural Resources since 1994, where he currently manages the Aquatic Inventory and Monitoring Program. His main research interests include fish and salamander ecology, land use impacts, biotic homogenization, restoration effectiveness, biodiversity conservation, and coldwater streams. He hopes to be a conservation biologist when he grows up.

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Jun 5th, 11:10 AM Jun 5th, 11:30 AM

Session C1 - Comparing the Fish and Benthic Macroinvertebrate

UMass Amherst

Urbanization is associated with substantial losses to stream biological diversity throughout the United States mid- Atlantic. Stream restoration has been used to improve stream conditions and, in part, to ameliorate these losses. However, the relationship between restoration and recovery of biological diversity is unclear. Our objective was to critically examine the efficacy of urban stream restorations with regard to biological diversity. We compared restored urbantreams to urban nonrestored, nonurban, and reference (minimally degraded) streams using five measures each of fish and benthic macroinvertebrate diversity. Both multivariate and univariate statistical analyses show biological diversity of restored urban streams to be similar to nonrestored urban streams and lower than nonurban and reference streams. Restored urban sites showed no apparent increase in biological diversity through time, while diversity decreased at two of the reference streams coincident with increased urban development within their catchments. Our results indicate that restoration approaches commonly used regionally as in these urban streams are not leading to recovery of native stream biodiversity. Evidence from several sources indicates a need for dramatic changes in restoration approach, and we argue for a watershed-scale focus including protection of the least impacted streams and adopting other land-based actions within the watershed where possible.

http://scholarworks.umass.edu/fishpassage_conference/2012/June5/14