Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Embargo Period

4-2-2015

Degree Program

Music

Degree Type

Master of Music (M.M.)

Year Degree Awarded

2015

Month Degree Awarded

May

Advisor Name

Erinn

Advisor Middle Initial

E.

Advisor Last Name

Knyt

Co-advisor Name

Johanna

Co-advisor Middle Initial

F.

Co-advisor Last Name

Yunker

Third Advisor Name

Marianna

Third Advisor Last Name

Ritchey

Abstract

In his essay, “Musik und Musikverständnis” (1927), Hanns Eisler (1898-1962) wrote that "the evaluation of a piece of music calls for the understanding of the elements of harmony, polyphony, and form," and that one who is not privy to this understanding will "be in the same situation as one who hears a speech in Chinese, without an understanding of Chinese.” Eisler maintained that music could be rendered intelligible through “a gradual rebuilding of musical culture.” This new musical culture, which he believed could only occur after the proletariat seized societal power from the bourgeoisie, would promote musical education and encourage the composition of intelligible music.

Although Eisler had composed music for the proletariat throughout his career, the creation of the German Democratic Republic facilitated his participation in educating the proletariat in aspects of traditionally bourgeois culture. One key example of this was his composition Das Vorbild [The Example] (1952).

This thesis presents the first detailed analysis of Das Vorbild and demonstrates it as representative of Eisler’s musical and societal aspirations—particularly concerning education. Analysis of the working manuscripts for Das Vorbild in conjunction with Eisler’s writings reveals a piece that embodies the utopist aspirations of this Marxist composer. In light of this analysis, I contend that Das Vorbild is representative of Eisler’s work toward a new musical culture within a socialist society.

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