A rational positive-definite quadratic form is perfect if it can be reconstructed from the knowledge of its minimal nonzero value m and the finite set of integral vectors v such that f(v) = m. This concept was introduced by Vorono¨ý and later generalized by Koecher to arbitrary number fields. One knows that up to a natural “change of variables” equivalence, there are only finitely many perfect forms, and given an initial perfect form one knows how to explicitly compute all perfect forms up to equivalence. In this paper we investigate perfect forms over totally real number fields. Our main result explains how to find an initial perfect form for any such field. We also compute the inequivalent binary perfect forms over real quadratic fields Q(pd) with d 66.
Gunnells, PE and Yasaki, D, "PERFECT FORMS OVER TOTALLY REAL NUMBER FIELDS" (2009). Mathematics and Statistics Department Faculty Publication Series. 1188.