Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

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Open Access

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

Embargo Period

4-28-2016

Degree Program

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Degree Track

Family Nurse Practioner

Year Degree Awarded

2016

Month Degree Awarded

May

Keywords

Hypertension, non-adherence, medications, antihypertensive, poor health literacy, Somali

Advisor Name

Pamela

Advisor Last Name

Aselton

Capstone Chair First Name

Pamela

Capstone Chair Last Name

Aselton

Capstone Member Name

Raeann

LeBlanc

Capstone Outside Member Name

Vasumathi

Nallusamy

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate if the use of an evidenced-based educational program delivered to adult Somali hypertensive participants at a community-based clinic in Minneapolis can improve their adherence to antihypertensive medications and blood pressure control. Methods: A convenient sample of 10 participants who met the inclusion criterion consented to take part of the educational program. The Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale was utilized to measure outcomes of the program. In addition to that, each participant’s blood pressure was checked at pre and post intervention. Results: The statistical test of paired t-test was used to analyze data. The pre intervention scores had a mean of 21. 80 (SD= 1.55) and the post intervention scores had a mean of 18.30 (SD=1.32). The correlation between pre and post scores was 0.44 (P= 0.21). The mean differences between pre and posttest scores were 3.50 (SD= 4.86). The resulting t-value with 9 degrees of freedom is 2.28, p= 0.05. There was no statistical difference found between pre and post intervention scores and BP measurements. Conclusion: Hypertension is known to be a silent killer and poor adherence to blood pressure medications and treatment therapy is a major risk for cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Even though the outcome of the educational program did not seen a significant change in such a short time, there is a possible lasting effect of the education in the long run. A culturally appropriate educational program that is employed using oral communication, storing telling or visual images has the potential to make a profound change both in the individual and within the community.

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