Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
brane gravity, emergent phenomena, gauge/gravity duality, highr dimensional gravity, inflationary cosmology, physics beyond the Standard Model
This dissertation is focused on three lines of work. In the first part, we consider aspects of holography and gauge/gravity duality in lower and higher dimensions. In particular, we study the duality for exact solutions localized on the Randal-Sundrum 2-branes. We also test if some holographic principles in general relativity can be generalized to include higher derivative theories of gravity; namely Lovelock gravity. In the second part we consider the role of pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosons (pNGBs) in inflationary cosmology. Specifically, we construct an inflationary model using string theory axions, and use these pNGBs to produce the observed coherent magnetic field in the Universe. The third part of the thesis is devoted to the study of the phenomenology of emergent phenomena. we investigated whether one could test if diffeomorphism invariance, the sacred symmetry of general relativity, is emergent. We also construct a new minimal vectorial Standard Model, and argue that the absence of mirror particles predicted by this model can give us a hint about the fundamental nature of space.
Anber, Mohamed M., "Frontiers in Theoretical High Energy Physics: From Physics Beyond the Standard Model to Cosmology" (2010). Open Access Dissertations. Paper 259.