Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Polymer Science and Engineering
Thomas J. McCarthy
Edward B. Coughlin
This dissertation describes research performed using siloxane polymers. This includes the reactions of siloxane polymers with inorganic oxide surfaces to form covalently attached monolayers, and the electrical properties of crosslinked silicone composite films fabricated by compounding with nickel particles. In addition to these topics, the use of contact line pinning as a practical and controllable method for the deposition of materials on superhydrophobic and chemically patterned surfaces is also described The first chapter provides a general review of siloxane polymer chemistry, focusing in particular on the relationship between molecular structure and physical properties. The use and fabrication of silicone composite materials is also discussed, including typical methods for crosslinking siloxane polymers and the effects of filler materials. Finally, contact angle hysteresis and contact line pinning phenomena are presented. Following this introduction, four separate but interrelated projects are presented. First, the surface modification of titania via hydridomethylsiloxanes is discussed. This work represents an extension of the reaction of hydridosilanes and provides an environmentally clean method for the hydrophobization of titania. Linear and cyclic hydridomethylsiloxanes, as well as hydridomethylsiloxane-co-dimethylsiloxane polymers, are used as reagents and the resulting surfaces are discussed. Unpredicted results from this method lead to the consideration of poly(dimethylsiloxane) as a previously unconsidered reagent presented in the next project. The second project discusses the covalent attachment of siloxane polymers, particularly poly(dimethylsiloxane), to a range of inorganic oxide surfaces, including titania, nickel oxide, alumina, and silica. This reaction is presented as a thermally activated equilibrium process, and offers insight into certain aging processes found in silicone materials. Particular focus is made on the development of a highly reproducible method for the fabrication of low contact angle hysteresis surfaces. Furthermore, this reaction is shown to be general for the siloxane bond through the reaction of functional and cyclic siloxanes. The third project describes the preparation of electrically conductive silicone coatings, containing nickel and titania particles. The effect of nickel concentration and geometry on the electrical properties of these coatings is examined and the effects on the percolation threshold are presented. In addition to this, the addition of titania nanoparticles to diminish electrical conductance is also investigated. The fourth project discusses the contact line pinning of liquids on hydrophobic surfaces. In this chapter, the use of ionic liquids exhibiting no vapor pressure is used to experimentally determine the de-wetting process of liquids from pillared, superhydrophobic surfaces through micro-capillary bridge rupture. Furthermore, this technique is used as a preparative technique for the fabrication of individual salt crystals supported on pillared surfaces.
Krumpfer, Joseph W., "Chemistry at Silicone - Inorganic Oxide Interfaces" (2012). Open Access Dissertations. Paper 615.