From antiquity onwards, sports and competitive athletic events have been used as an area to implement othering strategies. Othering is the attempt to differentiate a societal group by some determining factor. Evidence of athletics being used as an othering medium, is prevalent throughout ancient Greece, ancient Rome, Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, and early 20th century Britain.
"From Hellenism to Hitlerism: The Use of Sport as an Ethnic and Cultural Identifier,"
University of Massachusetts Undergraduate History Journal: Vol. 1
, Article 5.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/umuhj/vol1/iss1/5