Journal or Book Title
The Astrophysical Journal
We present the detection of infall, rotation, and outflow kinematic signatures toward both a protostellar source, VLA 1623, and what was initially thought to be a pre-protostellar core, SM 1N, in the ρ Ophiuchus A region. The kinematic signatures of early star formation were detected in the dense molecular gas surrounding the embedded sources using high signal-to-noise ratio millimeter and submillimeter data. Centroid velocity maps made with HCO+ J = 4 → 3 and J = 1 → 0 line emission exhibit the blue bulge signature of infall, which is predicted to be seen when infall motion dominates over rotational motion. Further evidence for infalling gas is found in the HCO+ blue asymmetric line profiles and red asymmetric opacity profiles. We also performed CO J = 3 → 2 and J = 1 → 0 observations to determine the direction, orientation, and extent of molecular outflows, and we report the discovery of a new bipolar outflow possibly driven by SM 1N.
Narayanan, Gopal and Logan, DW, "Kinematics of Protostellar Objects in the ρ Ophiuchus A Region" (2006). The Astrophysical Journal. 1158.