Journal or Book Title
We present high-resolution submillimeter interferometric imaging of two of the brightest high-redshift submillimeter galaxies known: GN 20 and AzTEC1 at 0.8'' and 0.3'' resolution, respectively. Our data—the highest resolution submillimeter imaging of high-redshift sources accomplished to date—were collected in three different array configurations: compact, extended, and very extended. We derive angular sizes of 0.6'' and 1.0'' for GN 20 and 0.3'' and 0.4'' for AzTEC1 from modeling their visibility functions as a Gaussian and an elliptical disk, respectively. Because both sources are B-band dropouts, they likely lie within a relatively narrow redshift window around z ~ 4, which indicates their angular extent corresponds to physical scales of 4-8 and 1.5-3 kpc, respectively, for the starburst region. By way of a series of simple assumptions, we find preliminary evidence that these hyperluminous starbursts—with star formation rates >1000 M yr−1—are radiating at or close to their Eddington limit. Should future high-resolution observations indicate that these two objects are typical of a population of high-redshift Eddington-limited starbursts, this could have important consequences for models of star formation and feedback in extreme environments.
Younger, JD; Fazio, GG; Wilner, DJ; Ashby, MLN; Blundell, R; Gurwell, MA; Huang, JS; Iono, D; Peck, AB; Petitpas, GR; Scott, KS; Wilson, GW; and Yun, Min, "THE PHYSICAL SCALE OF THE FAR-INFRARED EMISSION IN THE MOST LUMINOUS SUBMILLIMETER GALAXIES" (2008). ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 823.