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ACS Polymers Au


Oppositely charged polymerized ionic liquids (PILs) were used to form complex coacervates in two different organic solvents, 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) and hexafluoro-2-propanol (HFIP), and the corresponding phase diagrams were constructed using UV–vis, NMR, and turbidity experiments. While previous studies on complex coacervates have focused almost exclusively on aqueous environments, the use of PILs in the current work enabled studies in solvents with substantially lower dielectric constants (27.0 for TFE, 16.7 for HFIP). The critical salt concentration required to induce complete miscibility was roughly 2-fold larger in HFIP compared with TFE, and two different PIL complexes, solidlike precipitates and liquidlike coacervates, were found in both systems. This study provides insight into the effects of low-dielectric-constant solvents on complex coacervation, which has not been widely studied because of the limited solubility of conventional polyelectrolytes in these media.



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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.