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Spectrochimica Acta Part B


A significant problem with flow injection chemical vapor generation atomic absorption spectrometry is a loss of sensitivity and blockage of transfer lines due to excessive moisture transported to the atom cell or lodged in the transfer line. A Nafion dryer tube was used to remove moisture from the wet carrier gas stream. The hygroscopic Nafion membrane removed water at 1.7 mg/min at an efficiency of 95 ± 4% when SnCl2 was used as the reductant. When 0.4% (m/v) borohydride was used as the reductant, 2.3 mg/min of water was removed at an efficiency of 91 ± 3%. No measurable change in precision was observed and a 5% reduction in peak height sensitivity (vs. PTFE) was seen for mercury when using the Nafion transfer line. At 60°C the Nafion dryer removed 4.9 mg/min of water vapor at an efficiency of 93 ± 3%. The loss of mercury vapor through the Nafion membqme was no more than 0.04%. Only a 3% reduction in peak height sensitivity was observed for the determination of arsenic and selenium. Detection limits for mercury, calculated from calibration data, were 77 ppt, 20 ppt and 150 ppt for the PTFE tube, the model MD-250 dryer and the model MD-125 dryer, respectively.





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