As the decade of the 1980s drew to a close Brazilians celebrated two centennials which bore a close chronological proximity to one another. In 1988 Brazilians commemorated the one hundredth anniversary of the abolition of slavery; the following year they observed a century's passage since the founding of Brazil's first republic.
"Racial Identity and Political Vision in the Black Press of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1930-1947,"
Contributions in Black Studies: Vol. 9
, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholarworks.umass.edu/cibs/vol9/iss1/3