Ondina Ferreira

Document Type

Open Access Capstone

Publication Date



The objective of this project is to examine the negative effects of the current formal educational policy in Cape Verde and to recommend to the Ministry of Education some educational alternatives in order to deal with the out-of-school youth's problem in the country.

Problem: The Legal system places outside secondary school the young who are considered overage (16 years old and above) to get her/his first application.

actually and annually approximately one thousand young people leave middle school without possibility to pursue their secondary education. Generally, speaking, the out-of-school youths belong to the socially and economically disadvantaged population in the country. The state's obligation with national educational care is only for a period of six years of schooling comprised by four years of primary school and two years of middle school, addressed to pupils at ages 6/14 years old.

High schools in Cabo Verde are located in the main islands, main cities, and urban areas. So, due to the lack of financial support to early move from small islands and from rural areas to secondary schools, this segment of young population cannot afford to pursue her/his education.

Added to this problem, the legal and the minimum age for employment by the state is 18 years old and above. The state is the major employer in the country and requires as the minimum school's certification, the general course of high school, i.e. the first part (three years) of secondary education.

Consequently the current practice is leaving a large portion of the young population unpowered, unskilled, and marginalized. It is also condemning them to poverty, illiteracy and to unprepared emigration. Underlying the idea of creating appropriate aged programs in order to meet the needs of out-of-school youth in Cape Verde, which is the purpose of this paper, are three basic assumptions. First, the Cape Verdean's strategy of development has one of its branches in the schooling access for all. Secondly, the educational reform in place in the country is trying to formulate a comprehensive and coherent educational development program which includes improving the curriculum with specified cognitive achievement. And thirdly, this paper assumes that to create adequate models and programs for meeting the needs of out-of-school youth in Cabo Verde is a viable option and it is possible now. Actually there is an educational reform movement as well as a political reform occurring in the country.