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The purposes of this study are to present a definition of collaboration in nonformal participatory education; to identify the historical conditions from which it has emerged; to begin to explore its limitations and constraints; to suggest elements which characterize environments, agencies and personnel of successful collaborative programs; to define training needs; to suggest stages in the collaborative process and procedures for accomplishing them. In some cases procedures are offered which are tried and tested. In other cases tentative questions are offered as guides. In all cases, experience and ideas are presented to encourage debate, to promote further inquiry into the elements which promote or inhibit a mutually productive exchange of educational resources among nonformal educators and their clients.