Evaluation of Twaweza, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Duration: 2009-2010
Sponsor: Twaweza, a non-profit organization
Amount: $226,234

The Center for International Education (CIE) was awarded a contract to serve as the independent evaluation entity for the Twaweza initiative based in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Twaweza ("we can make it happen" in Swahili) is a ten-year initiative, funded by the Dutch development organizations Hivos and SNV and other donors. Its overall goal is to foster citizen-driven change and to empower East African citizens (in Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda) to advocate for access to and the quality of basic services (particularly basic education, clean water, and health services).

Principal Investigator, Gretchen Rossman, Co-Principal Investigator, David Evans, and Senior Technical Advisor, Ash Hartwell, lead the one-year evaluation, supporting an evaluation team based in Dar es Salaam. The team designed key evaluation strategies and instruments, including: 1) an extensive literature review on citizen-driven change; 2) draft baseline questionnaires; 3) case study designs; and 4) conducted workshops in Dar es Salaam.

Materials in this folder should be cited as follows:

This document was prepared with support from Twaweza. No official endorsement should be inferred.




Evaluating 'Twaweza' Presentation, Gretchen Rossman and Ash Hartwell


Twaweza Evaluation Final Report, Gretchen Rossman and David R. Evans


Twaweza Independent Evaluation Design, Gretchen Rossman and Ash Hartwell

Twaweza Independent Evaluation Design Elaboration of Mixed Methods Design, Evaluation Questions, Key Hypotheses, and Methods, Gretchen Rossman and Ash Hartwell


Twaweza Independent Evaluation Overview of Baseline and Other Surveys, Gretchen Rossman


Twaweza Independent Evaluation Overview of Case Studies, Mikala Lauridsen, Martina Ochiel, and Gretchen Rossman


Unpacking Twaweza's Theory of Social Change: Citizen Agency, Information, Accountability, and Basic Services, Ethan Miller, Ash Hartwell, and Gretchen Rossman