Contributions in Black Studies

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 126
  • Publication
    Semantic Mediations Between Wolof and French in Two Novels of Aminata Sow Fall
    (1992) Niang, Sada
    Within the Sengalese literary context, Aminata Sow Fall's legacies are ambiguous. On the one hand, as was the case for all the writers of her generation, Senghor's French-determined modes of language use remained the only recognized and acclaimed model readily available to her. On the other hand, even though shunned by the local establishment, the ideology and modes of linguistic contextualization of an Ousmane Sembene were always in the background. The clash between these two creative and political poles never surfaced in literary terms. But one has a vivid memory of the vigorous, sometimes vitriolic debate that ensued the banning of Sembene's Ceddo on grounds that it contravened the presidential decree on the spelling of local Senegalese languages. Whether at some point in her career as a teacher or a cultural worker, Aminata Sow Fall was torn between these two pillars of Senegalese literature in French, may never be ascertained. Ideologically as well as stylistically, however, her practice stands as a direct and uneven bridge between these two literary antagonists.
  • Publication
    Critical Approaches to Aminata Sow Fall's Novels
    (1992) Gadjigo, Samba
    However limited in scope it may be, this brief, collective work on Aminata Sow Fall's literary creation represents for us a milestone in African Studies here in the Pioneer Valley. In a broader sense, it affords a modest contribution to the criticism and canonization of francophone African literature in general and of that produced by women in particular.
  • Publication
    Aminata Sow Fall's "Demon" Women: An Anti-Feminist Social Vision
    (1992) Ellington, Athleen
    Aminata Sow Fall, one of the earliest women writers from Senegal, has been acknowledged as an analyst of contemporary social mores, exposing aspects of moderm African society where social, political and economic changes have resulted in the debasement of public and private customs and behavior. There has been a curious silence, however, from feminist critics, who have largely side-stepped her work, which now numbers four novels: Le Revenant (1976), La Greve des Battu (The Beggars' Strike) (1979), L'Appel des Arenes (1982) and L'Ex-Pere de la Nation (1987).
  • Publication
    Lifting "The Veil": Henry O. Tanner's The Banjo Lesson and The Thankful Poor
    (1992) Wilson, Judith
    Henry O. Tanner's 1893 painting, The Banjo Lesson, marks a turning point in African American art history. It was Tanner's first masterpiece, the first work in which he demonstrated his control of a range of technical skills unmatched by any previous Black artist. For with Tanner we have the first Afro-American suited for greatness in the visual arts not only by talent and by temperament, but also by training. Indeed his study with the eminent American realist, Thomas Eakins, at the period's leading art school, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, provided him with the most advanced art education then available in the U.S. And subsequently, when a nine-year struggle to survive as an artist in his native land was ended by a generous pair of patrons who enabled him to go abroad, Tanner gained access to Europe's cultural resources an experience then considered indispensable, the final step in an American artist's training. Thus, Tanner probably was the first U.S. Black fully equipped to succeed as a painter in the western tradition.
  • Publication
    Conceptions and Ideologies of the Negro Problem
    (1992) Bunche, Ralph J.
    Knowledge of Ralph Bunche's Pioneering work on African American conceptions of the world has been largely confined to specialists in political science and history. Writing in 1940, Bunche and his staff prepared four, detailed memoranda on black American organizations and ideologies for the monumental Carnegie-Myrdal study, An American Dilemma. True to design, this larger work succeeded in framing discussions on "race relations" within and without academia for the subsequent two decades. (And is still occasionally employed today as a primary text by professors who have read little else since that time!)