Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 87
  • Publication
    Mature Industrial Communities: The Realities of Reindustrialization
    (1987) Mullin, John R.; Armstrong, Jeanne H.
    This article analyzes the reindustrialization problems facing mature-industry communities in Massachusetts. The findings are based upon our planning consulting work and research projects involving forty cities and towns. The range of these communities includes those which have recovered, are on their way to recovery, and are stable; those which are declining; and those whose status is indeterminate. A variety of factors are reviewed, including unionization; work-force characteristics; the relationship between small and large plants; the characteristics of local companies; location; financing; the availability of land; and the role of local planning. Finally, we present recommendations concerning local action and possible state-policy initiatives.
  • Publication
    Review: Putting Skills to Work: How to Create Good Jobs in Uncertain Times, by Lowe, Nichola
    (2022-01-01) Mullin, John R.
    In the aftermath of World War II, a gradual but steady social contract emerged between labor organizations and business. This contract included commitments by the business sector to pay a living wage to workers and their families and to provide them paid vacations, medical plans, and retirement programs. Moreover, it included commitments to skill development opportunities through on-the-job training that would position these workers for upward advancement. For the most part, this contract lasted until the 1980s, when the federal government’s resistance to passing legislation requiring fair wages, the declining power of unions, strong international competition, and increased automation coalesced to the point the contract began to erode. One of the most significant benefits affected by this erosion was company-sponsored skill development. Taking the position that the nation’s educational institutions were better suited to train entry-level workers, the business community supported efforts to shift that responsibility to universities, four-year colleges, and community colleges. They were successful in this endeavor. However, while this approach prepared the worker for the world of work, it did not, and could not, provide the skill-related training specific to a company’s needs. Moreover, it did not provide new workers the opportunity to develop their skills in the context of a company’s corporate culture. The net result has been new workers entering the workforce without the required skills, leaving both employees and employers dissatisfied.
  • Publication
    Economic Impacts of Housing
    (1997) Kotval, Zenia; Mullin, John R.
  • Publication
    Transformative Temporary Use
    (2010-01-01) Kotval, Zenia; Machemer, P.; Mullin, John R.
    Communities employ land use planning as a way to standardize how a community looks and to ensure that land uses are distributed in an efficient and ethical manner. A temporary, seasonal, or interim use is in effect for a defined purpose and a set period of time, after which it expires. Finding productive, temporary uses for underutilized (e.g., park, sidewalk) or vacant land and buildings can reverse disinvestment, foster a sense of community, curb crime, save on maintenance costs, spur economic activity for surrounding businesses, create market demand, and raise property values. Temporary uses can be an effective community and economic development tools. This guide explores four increasingly popular temporary uses: events, urban agriculture, building reuse, and street vending. Keywords: temporary, seasonal, interim, use, planning, economic, development, events, reuse, vending. 1 What is a temporary use? Throughout the United States, in community after community, there is increasing interest in revitalizing older, built-up areas. The motivation comes from many sources, including the smart-growth movement, the desire to protect green areas, and the need to maximize infrastructure investment. It also comes from the need to maximize the tax reserves: vacant land pays very little. Planners have many means at their disposal to stimulate interest in these vacant areas, but enabling active temporary use is one that is becoming increasingly popular and which, to date, has received only limited attention. The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze temporary uses and explain how they can be of economic benefit to smaller communities struggling to create vitality and maximize their tax bases.
  • Publication
    William Wood, The American Woolen Company and the Creation of a Model Mill Village in Shawsheen, Massachusetts
    (2022-01-01) Mullin, John R.; Kotval, Zenia
    Shawsheen, a model mill village planned and built in Andover, Massachusetts, between 1906 and 1924, was based on the vision of William Wood, then president of the American Woolen Company. It was arguably the most unique textile mill village ever built in New England. The article begins with a discussion of the motivation for the project. It then shifts to a summary of the critical features of Wood’s vision and identifies the historic institutional paths that informed him. This is followed by an analysis of how the plan was successfully implemented and an explanation of what happened to Shawsheen over time. The article ends with an interpretation of the significance of the Shawsheen experience in the context of the history of New England mill towns.