Methods, Training & Materials Development

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  • Publication
    Effective Educational Radio: An Approach to Analyzing Programs
    (1978) Theroux, James M.
    This paper aims to present the state of the art of radio program design. Because there are no easy formulas for designing effective educational programs, the paper should serve to stimulate the creative powers of its users. The users I have in mind are all those involved (or potentially involved) in the design and production of educational radio programming. These could include subject matter specialists, development planners, scriptwriters, studio directors, and the generalists we call "radio producers." Anyone who makes decisions about the form and content of radio programs should find something of value here.
  • Publication
    Learning to Listen: A Field Guide to Methods of Adult Nonformal Education
    (Center for International Education, 1979) Vella, Jane Kathryn
    This booklet describes practical ways to implement theories of adult learning. Adopting the perspective of the field worker, the author discusses ways of listening to groups, sharing rather than transmitting information, and methods of problem posing in education. Includes the use of codes, role playing, games and folk material. The perspective of this book is that of the field worker. Theory can be found elsewhere in abundance; this is an attempt to consolidate practical ideas on adult learning for working men and women. The operative question of the entire text i: what ways of working with adults contribute towards both their personal development and the purposes of a particular program? Or, stated more succinctly: How can we adult educators learn to listen?
  • Publication
    Learning Together: A Cultural Approach to Community Development
    (Center for International Education, 1998) Habana-Hafner, Sally; Bolomey, Antonieta; DeTurk, Sara; MacFadyen, Janet
    A practical guide to understanding the real-life, complicated issues that arise when two cultures interact. The manual is organized around issues rather than as a step-by– step guide. Part I, “A Conceptual Framework,“ introduces the concepts of cultural awareness and the process of cross-cultural adaptation. Part II, “Community Development Processes,” presents community development processes through the cultural lens introduced in Part I. Each chapter can be read independently or in conjunction with the other chapters. In writing this manual, we hope to help practitioners in all areas of community development and education assist the growing numbers of newcomer groups (refugees and immigrants) in the United States and other countries adapt to their new environment. Fundamental to this goal is our desire to equip newcomers with the "cultural tools" they need to function within American society while still preserving their traditional culture. In addition, we wish to aid practitioners in learning about the specific circumstances and issues important to these groups in order to serve them more responsibly and effectively.
  • Publication
    NFE-TV Television for Nonformal Education
    (1975) Gunter, Jonathan Forrest
    This study develops guidelines for the use of television in nonformal education in developing areas of the world. Its recommendations are based upon analysis of three cases of television usage: in the formal educational system in El Salvador, in community development in village Alaska, and in nonformal education for parenthood in Bogota, Colombia. The study begins with a selective review of the literature on nonformal education. Three basic approaches to the selection of goals, objectives and methods for nonformal education are developed from the conflicting orientations of Philip Coombs, Ivan Illich, and Paulo Freire. Statements are drawn from the literature on the use of media in nonformal education. A list of dimensions are developed along which educational television varies. Analysis of the cases is made through application of the dimensions and in light of the three basic approaches to nonformal education. The three cases have been chosen to represent a progression in time and in philosophical digression from the traditional concept of educational television. Increasingly inexpensive and versatile television production hardware is applied to objectives which are increasingly divergent from those of traditional formal education. The Implications of these trends are summarized in a list of tentative guidelines which are submitted for the consideration of designers of subsequent television projects for nonformal education.
  • Publication
    Nurturing Participation: A Facilitator's Introduction to Adult Nonformal Education and Participatory Training
    (Center for International Education, 2002-01-01) Mullinix, Bonnie B.
    This manual provides facilitators with a session-by-session guide for introducting participants to nonformal education and participatory training, components central to any community development or adult basic education and literacy effort. It covers a 33 contact hour Training of Trainers (ToT) Workshop designed to be delivered over four intensive, residential days. The manual includes detailed session plans and all references, handouts and materials needed to facilitate the training. Although originally designed for use by NGO Trainers of Literacy Workers, it can easily be adapted for use in other contexts and settings.