Domain name in this term refers to the Internet Domain Name System (DNS), the hierarchical naming system of Internet Protocol (IP) resources. One of the Top Level Domains (TLDs) of this structure is the country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD), which identifies the location of each nation on the Internet, such as .fr, .us, .id.
Country code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs) are not just simple identifiers on the Internet but Internet entities that enable people and institutions to exist in virtual countries and space. Moreover, ccTLDs as one of the Internet’s resources have become a business that fosters utilization of the Internet especially e-commerce.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has started to call on all countries to reform the management of ccTLD to strengthen the government involvement in the ccTLD management system. Accordingly, since 2008, the government of Indonesia has initiated regulatory reforms to manage the Country code Top Level Domain Indonesia (ccTLD .id)
There are two main concerns questioned in this research: First, what is the model of governance for ccTLD. id? Second, what are the implications of the governance model to improve the market of ccTLD .id?
This research will use comparative method by analyzing secondary data to compare the similarities and differences between four national ccTLD regime models based on multi stakeholder system represented by four ccTLDs, which are .ch (Switzerland), .au (Australia), .mx (Mexico), .ca (Canada). The Analysis of four national ccTLD regime models focuses on model of governance and market orientation of each ccTLD.
This capstone is intended to suggest the governance model to support globalized market of ccTLD. ID. Because of the low level of the Internet penetration and inequality of ICT infrastructures among regions in Indonesia, ccTLD.id market should not be limited at national market, and the Internet users should be allowed to have direct access to ccTLD .id. Moreover, this research will define what the implications of governance are, in order to improve the market of ccTLD .id.