Black Swans, Gray Cygnets and Other Rare Birds
Journal or Book Title
CASE-BASED REASONING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, PROCEEDINGS
Surprising, exceptional cases — so-called black swans — can provoke extraordinary change in the way we do things or conceptualize the world. While it is not unreasonable to be surprised by a black swan, to be surprised by subsequent cases that are similar enough that they might cause the same sort of upheaval is unforgivable. The problem is how to reason about these almost novel, not totally unforeseen, subsequent cases that I call gray cygnets.
Book Series Title
Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence
Rissland, EL, "Black Swans, Gray Cygnets and Other Rare Birds" (2009). CASE-BASED REASONING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, PROCEEDINGS. 985.