Traffic is one of several ecological settings variables that collectively characterize the biophysical setting of each 30 m cell at a given point in time (McGarigal et al 2017). Traffic measures the estimated probability of an animal crossing the road being hit by a vehicle given the mean traffic rate, an important determinant of landscape connectivity for mobile terrestrial organisms. It is based on an empirical model of mean vehicles per day, using point counts of traffic, and a transformation to estimate the mortality rate for road crossings. Traffic is a dynamic settings variable, increasing in future timesteps with urban growth.
Environmental Sciences | Sustainability
McGarigal, Kevin; Compton, Brad; Plunkett, Ethan; DeLuca, Bill; and Grand, Joanna, "Designing Sustainable Landscapes: Traffic settings variable" (2017). Data and Datasets. 12.