Environmental Sciences | Sustainability
This document describes a suite of stressor metrics that assess the various effects of development in the watershed of the focal cell, as opposed to a (usually) circular window around the focal cell, as with the other metrics. These metrics are used for lotic, lentic, and wetland systems. All effects are weighted by a the time of flow from each stressor source to the focal cell, thus, stressor sources that fall within a stream have a greater effect than those in distant uplands within the watershed. These share a common algorithm, but each has unique parameters. These metrics are elements of the ecological integrity analysis of the Designing Sustainable Landscapes (DSL) project (see technical document on integrity, McGarigal et al 2014). Consisting of a composite of 21 stressor and resiliency metrics, the index of ecological integrity (IEI) assesses the relative intactness and resiliency to environmental change of ecological systems throughout the northeast. These stressor metrics range from 0 (no effect) to maximum values that differ for each metric (severe effect). See Table 1 for parameters for each metric.
McGarigal, Kevin; Compton, Brad; Plunkett, Ethan; DeLuca, Bill; and Grand, Joanna, "Designing Sustainable Landscapes: Watershed habitat loss, watershed imperviousness, road salt, sediment, nutrients, and dam intensity metrics" (2017). Data and Datasets. 24.