Off-campus UMass Amherst users: To download dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your UMass Amherst user name and password.
Non-UMass Amherst users, please click the view more button below to purchase a copy of this dissertation from Proquest.
(Some titles may also be available free of charge in our Open Access Dissertation Collection, so please check there first.)
Differential regulation of maternal and paternal chromosome condensation by A -kinase anchoring protein 95 in mitotic mouse zygotes
A-kinase anchoring protein AKAP95 is implicated in mitotic chromosome condensation by recruiting the condensin complex. Here, we report a differential regulation of condensation of maternal and paternal chromosomes mediated by AKAP95 and chromatin composition in mitotic mouse zygotes. AKAP95 is synthesized upon oocyte activation, targeted to the female pronucleus and specifically associates with maternal chromosomes at mitosis. Peptide competition and rescue experiments show that AKAP95 is required for recruitment of the mCAP-D2 condensin subunit to, and condensation of, maternal chromosomes. In contrast, AKAP95 is dispensable for mCAP-D2 targeting and condensation of paternal chromosomes. In vitro nuclear reconstitution and disassembly assays indicate that human hCAP-D2 targets protamine-containing chromatin independently of AKAP95, but requires AKAP95 for association with histone-containing chromosomes. We propose a concept whereby (1) recruitment of condensins to chromatin is affected by chromatin composition and (2) AKAP95 renders histone-containing chromatin permissive to condensin targeting.
deRuyter, Jacqueline Leigh, "Differential regulation of maternal and paternal chromosome condensation by A -kinase anchoring protein 95 in mitotic mouse zygotes" (2002). Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest. AAI3056219.