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The role of parenting style and the family characteristics of levels of organization and control in the development of self -regulation skills in young children
This study examines the rote of parenting style and the family characteristics of organization and control in the home as they relate to self-regulation skills in children ages 5–7. A theoretical model of the relationship between the independent variables of parenting style, levels of organization and control in home and the demographics of race, gender and SES with the dependent variable of self-regulation was constructed. A clinical group of 32 children, who scored poorly on measures of self-regulation, and a comparison group of 33 children, selected at random, were formed from the initial sample of 318 children within a local urban school district. The primary caretaker for each child was interviewed via telephone using the Parental Authority Questionnaire to measure parenting style and the Family Environment Scale to measure levels of organization and control in the home. Demographic information was also obtained. Data was analyzed through t-tests, correlational and multiple regression analysis. Results indicated positive correlations between authoritative parenting style and level of organization in the home and level of organization and level of control in the home. Negative correlations were reflected between authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles, authoritarian and permissive parenting styles and permissive parenting style and level of organization. Negative correlations were also found between permissive parenting style and level of control and race and level of control. Results of the multiple regression analysis indicated that authoritative parenting style was a predictor of self-regulation skills in young children, accounting for 27.6% of the variance of the independent model while the overall model revealed two predictors, authoritative and permissive parenting style, of self-regulation skills in young children, accounting for 35.1% of the variance of this dependent variable. Implications of this study for parents, schools and researchers are discussed.
Morris, Mary Anne, "The role of parenting style and the family characteristics of levels of organization and control in the development of self -regulation skills in young children" (2003). Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest. AAI3096305.