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Elizabeth Bishop and Carlos Drummond de Andrade: Verse/universe in four acts

Maria Lucia Milleo Martins, University of Massachusetts Amherst


This is a comparative study between Elizabeth Bishop and Carlos Drummond de Andrade which examines the trajectory of their poetry towards maturity. Inspired by Mikhail Bakhtin's notions on literary interpretation and intertextuality, this is an analysis that does not include the anxiety of influence, but rather explores the dialogic relations between poet (subject, personality), text, and context. A historicity of texts divided in four acts observes a progressive relation between poet and world. Beginning with the poet, the first act examines a trait of personality common to both poets—their gaucherie —and the projection of this trait in their art. The second and third acts successively discuss the relation between the poet and his/her family, the poet and the world, or more precisely, how the “strange idea of family” travels through poetry while it opens up more and more to a larger world. The final act closes the poet's dialectic with the world with a reading of crepuscular poems, combining a ripening of memories in the “creative time/space distance” with the voice of the mature poet.

Subject Area

Comparative literature|Latin American literature|British and Irish literature

Recommended Citation

Martins, Maria Lucia Milleo, "Elizabeth Bishop and Carlos Drummond de Andrade: Verse/universe in four acts" (1999). Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest. AAI9920628.