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Pain and the functional status of nursing home residents

Amy Laufer Kenefick, University of Massachusetts Amherst


The purpose of this study was (1) To develop strategies that can be used to identify pain in elderly nursing home residents; (2) to explore a pain assessment model that includes age, cognition, communication, depression, function, and pain; (3) to understand the distribution of pain among groups defined by age, gender, cognition, communication, depression, function and pain; (4) to predict pain based on measurements of variables in the model; (5) to evaluate the usefulness of functional status as a predictor for pain. ^ The design was descriptive and correlational. The setting was a 200 bed nursing home in western Massachusetts. Subjects were 111 nursing home residents (mean age 78), who were Caucasian, and predominantly female (77.5%). They were impaired in cognition (54%), communication (61%), and function (82%). They experienced moderate to severe depression (28%) and moderate to severe pain (42%). The instrument was the Minimum Data for Nursing Home Resident Assessment and Care Screening (MDS 2.0). ^

Subject Area

Gerontology|Nursing|Public health

Recommended Citation

Kenefick, Amy Laufer, "Pain and the functional status of nursing home residents" (1999). Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest. AAI9950171.