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Date of Award


Access Type

Open Access Dissertation

Document type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program


First Advisor

Howard H. Quint

Second Advisor

Robert H. McNeal

Third Advisor

Archibald R. Lewis

Subject Categories

History | United States History


Harvard, Yale, and Princeton were selected for study for two major reasons. First, the "Big Three" are among the most prestigious universities in the United States, and they have trained proportionately more "leaders" than any other undergraduate colleges. Secondly, because of their urban locations, Harvard and Yale began to attract after 1900 the ambitious sons of immigrants, who were chiefly Catholic and Jewish. In contrast, Princeton, with its more collegiate atmosphere and its comparative geographical isolation, attracted few of them. While the "Big Three" were willing to admit students of immigrant and minority backgrounds, their traditional role was to educate sons of the middle and upper classes, primarily old stock Americans.