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Author ORCID Identifier



Open Access Dissertation

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Regional Planning

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded


First Advisor

Henry Renski

Second Advisor

Amel Ahmed

Third Advisor

Mark Hamin

Subject Categories

Economic Policy | Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation | Public Policy | Science and Technology Policy | Urban Studies and Planning


Many governments around the world are committed to the idea of creating high-tech industries in their territories. Often they do so by imitating other well-recognized models such as the Silicon Valley. This dissertation investigated three countries economic development plans to understand how government policies could support or hinder the establishment of an Innovation Systems in developing countries. This dissertation claims that to create a successful high technological innovation cluster in any area, a successful innovation needs to be existed to support these clusters. This study used a comparative qualitative pragmatic method that implemented both case study and process tracing to unfold the policies that led to create successful innovation systems. Comparing these cases created an understanding of how the success could begeneralized and replicated to the case of Saudi Arabia.