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Author ORCID Identifier



Open Access Dissertation

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program


Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded


First Advisor

Michael Krezmien

Subject Categories

Education | Social and Behavioral Sciences


School personnel throughout the United States are rapidly adopting Schoolwide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS). School administrators and staff members are implementing SWPBIS without the implementation of a needs assessment to measure preparedness and buy-in prior to a schoolwide initiative. The current research on SWPBIS lacks rigorous evidence for an established level of need and buy-in. The purpose of this study was to measure need and buy-in of a school climate by using a systematic approach within a mixed methods sequential explanatory design (MMSE). The MMSE design used determined the level of need and buy-in towards a SWPBIS model for a rural school district. The MMSE was used in a two phase process: phase one was a survey on school climate and phase two was a series of focus group interviews. This study provides evidence of a school districts high level of need within the current negative school climate and its reduced rate of buy-in. Implications for future research using an MMSE design prior to SWPBIS are discussed.