Off-campus UMass Amherst users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your UMass Amherst user name and password.
Non-UMass Amherst users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.
Dissertations that have an embargo placed on them will not be available to anyone until the embargo expires.
Open Access Dissertation
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Year Degree Awarded
Month Degree Awarded
Gregory M. Grason
Christian D. Santangelo
Ceramic Materials | Polymer Science | Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Thermodynamics
This dissertation presents a study on heterogeneous network structure in two distinct classes of soft material systems: disordered assemblies of jammed binary spheres and ordered morphologies of block copolymer melts. The aim is to investigate the combined role of geometry and entropy in structure formation of soft matter assemblies. First, we investigate the influence of particle size asymmetry on structural properties of jammed binary sphere mixtures. We give evidence of two distinct classes of materials separated by a critical size ratio that marks the onset of a sharp transition due to simultaneous jamming of a sub-component of the packing. We give a heuristic, geometric argument to understand this transition and its impact on the particle network connectivity. We then present a simple and efficient numerical tool to characterize the network morphologies of block copolymers. We apply our algorithm to extract and compare the network geometry from experimental and theoretical double gyroid morphologies. Finally, we examine the influence of mesoscale geometry on polymer segment orientation at much smaller length scales. We demonstrate that underlying the well-known composition profiles are generic, heterogeneous segment orientation textures that couple strongly to the morphology. We give evidence that organization of polymer chains in mesochiral domains induces segment scale chirality in the melts.
Prasad, Ishan, "Self-Assembling Networks in Soft Materials" (2018). Doctoral Dissertations. 1287.