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Author ORCID Identifier



Open Access Dissertation

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded


First Advisor

Joseph Bardin

Subject Categories

Electrical and Electronics


Cryogenic low noise amplifiers (LNAs) are one of the key components in many emerging applications such as radio astronomy or quantum computing in which a weak incoming signal needs to be read out. There have been extensive studies on the feasibility of leveraging silicon-germanium (SiGe) heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) to implement cryogenic LNAs in the past. The deployment of such LNAs in the future large-scale systems in radio astronomy or quantum computing is contingent upon the possibility of developing LNAs with reduced DC power dissipation to enable the cooling of a large number of array elements inside a cryogenic cooler. In this dissertation, we focus on the cryogenic operation of SiGe HBTs at reduced supply voltages for the implementation of ultra low- power LNAs and their applications for scalable receiver systems. In addition, the limitations of the SiGe HBT cryogenic models for the operation at high current densities are investigated for the implementation of modern high speed SiGe HBT circuits.