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Author ORCID Identifier


Open Access Dissertation

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program


Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded


First Advisor

Kevin R. Kittilstved

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry | Materials Chemistry | Physical Chemistry


Perovskites such as strontium titanate, a wide band gap semiconductor have been widely studied due to the multitude of potential applications in photocatalysis, multiferroics, sensing, and microelectronics. Various novel optical, electrical and magnetic properties can be imparted through the introduction of different transition metal dopant ions. The introduction of these impurities has been shown to impart functionality for various applications. The use of Cr3+has been shown to introduce defect levels into the band structure of SrTiO3and increase visible light utilization for photocatalysis. Transition metal doped highly crystalline colloidal SrTiO3nanocrystals (NC) were synthesized using two modified hydrothermal (HT) synthesis methods and subsequently characterized. Structural characterization techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), tunneling electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution tunneling electron microscopy (HR-TEM) proved vital in confirming the successful synthesis of highly crystalline sub-10 nm nanocubes. The use of transition metal doped colloidal nanocrystals will look to better understand dopant incorporation and subsequent defect formation and their interactions on the nm scale. The use of dopant specific spectroscopies such as electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was crucial in determining both the transition metal dopant oxidation state and dopant position in the colloidal NCs. Through the use of EPR spectroscopy the dopants and defects were unambiguously identified and characterized. Various surface related oxygen defects were identified and correlated to emerge under specific synthetic conditions. Site-selective internal doping of Cr or Mn was achieved through either modified HT methods. The extent of the dopant-defect interactions was studied using a photodoping technique. Under anaerobic conditions and in the presence of a hole quencher, the interactions of the photoinduced electron with SrTiO3were monitored. The photoinduced changes were tracked using electronic absorption spectroscopy and EPR spectroscopy. An in-depth EPR analysis showed the photoinduced electron localizes on titanium atoms and undergoes cross relaxation with neighboring Cr ions.