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Author ORCID Identifier


Open Access Dissertation

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)

Degree Program


Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded


First Advisor

Richard Lapan

Second Advisor

Laura Valdiviezo

Third Advisor

Briankle Chang

Subject Categories

Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education


The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore how the development of Garifuna cultural identity by the Garifuna Language and Arts and Crafts in Schools Program at St. Peter Claver School in Punta Gorda, Belize. Culture-based education is described as contextualized relating “what students learn to their culture, communities, lives, and land.” This is a case study designed to understand the purpose of the program, identify its participants, review its curriculum, observe instructional strategies, and interview its stakeholders over a three-month period. Data was collected through documentation, direct observation, interviews, and audio recording. A descriptive framework was used as a general analytical strategy to organize the case study. The theoretical framework attended to critical theory, postcolonial theory, critical pedagogy, and social justice education. It is hoped that such a study will assist stakeholders in implementing similar programs intended to serve indigenous and minority populations.