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Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6941-651X

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Year Degree Awarded

2020

Month Degree Awarded

February

First Advisor

Ramakrishna Janaswamy

Second Advisor

Do-Hoon Kwon

Subject Categories

Electromagnetics and Photonics | Other Electrical and Computer Engineering | Signal Processing

Abstract

Military GPS receivers provide crucial information to soldiers in the field, however, the performance of these devices is degraded by in band RF interference, making GPS susceptible to jamming. Anti-jam techniques for aircraft and vehicular platforms have been developed, but at present there is no system for dismounted soldiers. There is a need for an anti-jam system which meets the demands of a dismounted soldier and conforms to the size, weight, and power requirements of a portable device.

A controlled reception pattern antenna, or CRPA, is a potential solution for jammer mitigation. These devices work by steering reception pattern nulls toward the jammer direction, reducing the jammer power which reaches the GPS receiver. Prior CRPA realizations have been designed for use on vehicular and aircraft applications, however, these platforms do not suffer from the same limitations as a man-portable CRPA. Three considerations which are more pertinent for man-portable designs than prior work are (i) distributed antenna element positions and orientations dynamically change during use changing the reception pattern characteristics, (ii) the user is lower to the ground and moves through the environment meaning that multipath propagation can have a greater effect on CRPA performance, and (iii) the size weight and power constraints for a portable system limit the number of antenna elements reducing the degrees of freedom that can be used for cancellation.

To address these challenges, a framework for man-portable CRPA modeling is presented. This includes development of efficient modeling methods which enable investigations into element perturbations to address the dynamic orientation problem. These and other methods are presented in Chapter 3, along with a discussion of the relative strengths and weaknesses of each. Additionally, a mixed scattering channel model is applied to the CRPA reception patterns, combining diffuse and specular reflection in Chapter 4. Discussion of this model centers around the eigenvalues of the signal covariance matrix and the effect of coherence between multipath components. Following this, Chapter 5 examines the performance of polarimetric CRPAs and space-time adaptive processing for man-portable CRPAs with limited degrees of freedom.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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