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Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1470-1935

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Education (also CAGS)

Year Degree Awarded

2020

Month Degree Awarded

May

First Advisor

Michael P. Krezmien

Second Advisor

Alexandra Lauterbach

Third Advisor

Walter Denny

Subject Categories

Applied Behavior Analysis | Communication Technology and New Media | Disability Studies | Early Childhood Education | Special Education and Teaching

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurobiological disorder with symptoms that affect individuals’ social interaction capabilities, their verbal and nonverbal communications, and the repertoires of activities and interest. These deficits in social and communication skills directly or indirectly influence the individual with ASDs’ lives. Therefore, many interventions have been developed to increase social and communication skills for individuals with ASD. Video modeling (VM) is one of the effective interventions in teaching social communication skills for children with ASD. There are multiple variations of VM interventions. One of the forms of VM intervention is point-of-view video modeling (POVVM) that has been potential to address the deficits of social communication skills and improve these skills for children with ASD. In this intervention, videos are filmed from the perspectives of the person who is the target of the intervention. The camera angle is presented with activity, skill, or context. The POVVM directly presents relevant stimuli and eliminates irrelevant stimuli of the target behavior. Thus, the POVVM intervention has provided a clear frame of imitating the behavior. The current study investigated the effectiveness of point-of-view video modeling on improving social initiation skills for young children with ASD. Three preschool-age children with ASD were implemented multiple-baseline across participants design to improve social initiation skills using point-of-view video modeling intervention. Specifically, the participants were taught greetings and engaging play activity behaviors using POVVM intervention. All participants improved their greetings and engaging play activity behaviors. The result of the study showed that POVVM is an effective intervention for improving social initiation skills. Consideration for interpretation and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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