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Author ORCID Identifier
Open Access Dissertation
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Year Degree Awarded
Month Degree Awarded
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for the 10-24 age range (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Despite national attention, youth suicide rates have increased by 50% since 1999 (CDC WISQARS, 2018). To better target and evaluate school-based suicide prevention efforts, this study undertakes the development and initial validation of the Suicide Prevention Attitudes Rating Scale (SPARS) in a sample of California school principals. After a thorough literature review and initial item development, experts in the suicide prevention field reviewed and provided feedback on the initial items and construct definition. A cognitive interview protocol with school principals was then used to ensure items are interpreted as intended. After a large-scale data collection process, psychometric analyses used methods from classical psychometrics, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and item response theory to refine the internal structure of the measure. Through these methods, the study collects initial validity evidence in the areas of test content evidence, response process evidence, evidence of internal psychometric structure, and evidence based on relations to other variables (AERA, APA, NCME, 2014).
Reinbergs, Erik, "The Development and Initial Validation of the Suicide Prevention Attitudes Rating Scale" (2020). Doctoral Dissertations. 1898.
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