Off-campus UMass Amherst users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your UMass Amherst user name and password.

Non-UMass Amherst users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Dissertations that have an embargo placed on them will not be available to anyone until the embargo expires.

Author ORCID Identifier


Campus-Only Access for One (1) Year

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program


Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded


First Advisor

Jennifer Randall

Second Advisor

Lisa Keller

Subject Categories

Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research


Both a standardized time limit and a differing time limit for certain groups is considered to demonstrate equity in treatment (fairness) in tests so long as the time limit does not impact the validity of the results. Fairness, in turn, in considered a fundamental validity issue in testing and assessments. Previous studies investigating the validity and equivalency of exam translation forms have not considered response time as a variable of interest. This study is an investigation into whether response time can vary enough across language forms to be considered a significant difference and whether that difference can impact the performance of test candidates. I analyzed these variables for an international professional credential that is translated to over a dozen languages. The findings support the hypothesis that response time can be significantly impacted by language. The credential that was analyzed for this study, however, allowed enough time that test candidate performance was not impacted by differences in response time. Additional studies should look into other assessments to determine if shorter time limits would cause performance differences due to response time differences by language.