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Author ORCID Identifier



Open Access Dissertation

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program


Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded


First Advisor

Charles C. Manz

Second Advisor

D. Anthony Butterfield

Third Advisor

Jane K. Giacobbe-Miller

Fourth Advisor

Daniel J. Miller

Subject Categories

Organizational Behavior and Theory


My dissertation is composed of three independent but interrelated essays. Each essay focuses on a specific perspective to study leadership at the individual level or at the team level and beyond. My first essay, Consequences of Leader Self-Efficacy Dissimilarity in Self-managing Teams, looks at the impacts of leader self-efficacy dissimilarity upon shared leadership and the consequent effects on team effectiveness in self-managing teams. My second essay, A Longitudinal Study on Leadership Identification in Self-managing Teams, explains why leadership structures may vary in self-managing teams and how individuals develop their leadership roles in a non-hierarchical organizational context. My third essay, Why You Become a Leader or a Follower? A Q Methodology Study on Chinese Business Practitioners, explores and identifies factors in Chinese social and cultural systems that shape and influence individuals to become leaders or followers. My three-essay dissertation identifies the determinants and consequences of leadership in different organizational contexts. I expect this dissertation will enrich leadership literature and increase the understanding of how to foster a team or an organization with effective leadership.