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Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Hispanic Literatures & Linguistics

Year Degree Awarded

2016

Month Degree Awarded

May

First Advisor

Margara Russotto

Subject Categories

Arts and Humanities

Abstract

ABSTRACT

TO SILENCE AND TO REVEAL

Two Novels on the Extremes of the Chilean Transition:

Between Censorship and the Re-Conquest of the Word

MAY 2016

ROBERT SILVERI, B.A. ASSUMPTION COLLEGE

MA., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS

Ph.D., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS

Directed by: Professor Margara Russotto

This investigation proposes to explore relationships between politics and literature within the framework of three decades (1970-2000) that include a particularly dramatic period in Chilean society: the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990) and the later transition to democracy (1988-2000). Such exploration focuses on the narrative genre, a form well suited to show the perverse effects of the censorship and the destruction of public and private life under the dictatorship, but also a form that converts itself into a symbolic space in which takes place, upon the transition back to democracy beginning in 1988, an explosion of important Works that characterize the so called “rebirth of the word.”

The investigation pursues the following objectives:

  1. Describe the effects of the censorship and repression in the field of literature during the dictatorship of Pinochet and the techniques and strategies developed by writers and artists to combat the forced silence, which resulted in the rise of literary creativity during the transition period.
  2. Describe a group of recurring themes which reappear in the novels published in the decade of 1990-2000 with the objective of showing the surge in literary production as well as the predominant fictional themes, and to provide context for the ascendance of the two main authors of this study: Diamela Eltit (1949-) and Alberto Fuguet (1964-)
  3. To study the works of Diamela Eltit and Alberto Fuguet, considered two of the most important writers of the post-dictatorship, by way of a comparative analysis of their seemingly opposite narrative works that take place in the year 1980: Lumpérica (1983) by Diamela Eltit and Mala onda (1991) by Alberto Fuguet.
  4. Examine the variables that explain the return to the novel as the preferred genre during the Chilean post-dictatorship: the political liberation, the economic stability, the machinery of publication, the globalization, the purchase of books, and the new narrative voices with their powerful literary projections. In this way, arrive at some tentative conclusions extracted from the results of this investigation.

CALLAR Y REVELAR:

Dos novelas extremas de la transición chilena:

entre la censura y la reconquista de la palabra

MAY 2016

ROBERT SILVERI, B.A. ASSUMPTION COLLEGE

M.A., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS

Ph.D., UNIVERISTY OF MASSACHUSETTS

Directed by: Professor Margara Russotto

Esta investigación se propone explorar las relaciones entre la política y la literatura en el marco temporal de tres décadas (1970-2000) que incluyen un período particularmente dramático de la sociedad chilena: la dictadura de Augusto Pinochet (1973-1989), y la posterior y difícil transición a la democracia (1988-2000). Dicha exploración se enfoca concretamente en el género narrativo, por ser el lugar emblemático en el que se muestran los efectos perversos de la censura y la destrucción de la vida pública y privada bajo la dictadura, y también por convertirse en el lugar simbólico donde ocurre, al abrirse la transición a la democracia a partir de 1988, una explosión de obras importantes que caracterizan el llamado “renacimiento de la palabra”.

La investigación persigue los siguientes objetivos:

1. Describir los efectos de la censura y la represión en el campo literario durante la dictadura de Pinochet y las técnicas y estrategias que emplearon escritores y artistas para combatir el silenciamiento, así como también los cambios surgidos después, en dicho campo, durante la transición a la democracia.

2. Describir un grupo de temas recurrentes que reaparecen insistentemente en las novelas publicadas durante la década de 1990-2000, con el fin de mostrar la atmósfera epocal vigente y las opciones ficcionales predominantes, y así contextualizar el surgimiento y significación de los dos autores centrales de esta investigación: Diamela Eltit (1949-) y Alberto Fuguet (1964-).

3. Estudiar la obra en particular de Diamela Eltit y Alberto Fuguet, considerados los escritores chilenos más importantes de la postdictadura, mediante un análisis comparativo entre dos de sus obras narrativas, que se tratan del año 1980, que constituyen el corpus central de nuestro trabajo: Lumpérica (1983) de Diamela Eltit, y Mala onda (1991) de Alberto Fuguet.

4. Examinar las variables que explican el regreso a la novela como medio preferido durante la postdictadura chilena: la apertura política, la estabilidad económica, la empresa editorial con proyectos de mediano plazo, la globalización, el consumo del libro y nuevas voces narrativas con grande proyecciones literarias, y aportar así algunas conclusiones tentativas sobre los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación.

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