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Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Anthropology

Year Degree Awarded

2016

Month Degree Awarded

September

First Advisor

Michael O. Sugerman

Second Advisor

Krista M. Harper

Third Advisor

Steven T. Petsch

Subject Categories

Archaeological Anthropology

Abstract

Goody’s (1982) model of cooking and its relation to hierarchy posits a correlation between class and cuisine that is typical of societies practicing intensive agriculture and creating storable surpluses. This archaeological case study tests his model using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analyses to investigate ancient food remains (fatty acids) preserved in unglazed clay cooking ceramics from archaeological sites across the Iron Age II period (1000-586 BCE) kingdoms of the southern Levant. These kingdoms are known historically as Ammon, Aram (Aram-Damascus), Edom, Israel, Judah, Moab and Philistia. Samples from this time period and region are suitable for use in this research because archaeological evidence dating to the Iron Age II (1000-586 BCE) indicates socially stratified populations practicing intensive agriculture. Laboratory results suggest differences in south Levantine clay pot cookery related to environment and to social hierarchy.

APPENDIX 1 -FATTY ACID DATA-ALL SAMPLES IN THE DATASET.xlsx (104 kB)
FATTY ACID DATA-ALL SAMPLES IN THE DATASET

APPENDIX 2 -FATTY ACID DATA-SAMPLES WITH FATTY ACIDS.xlsx (83 kB)
FATTY ACID DATA – SAMPLES WITH FATTY ACIDS

APPENDIX 3 -FATTY ACID DATA-SAMPLES WITHOUT FATTY ACIDS.xlsx (56 kB)
FATTY ACID DATA – SAMPLES WITHOUT FATTY ACIDS

APPENDIX 4 -FATTY ACID DATA-CONTAMINATED SAMPLES.xlsx (54 kB)
FATTY ACID DATA – CONTAMINATED SAMPLES

APPENDIX 5 -ANOVA DATA.xlsx (49 kB)
ANOVA DATA

APPENDIX 6-ANOVA OUTPUT-STATISTICAL COMPARISONS.xlsx (798 kB)
ANOVA OUTPUT – STATISTICAL COMPARISONS

APPENDIX 7- CORRELATION COEFFICIENTS OF C14 AND INTERNAL STANDARD.pdf (56 kB)
CORRELATION COEFFICIENTS OF C14:0 AND INTERNAL STANDARD

APPENDIX 8 - CSV REPORTS.xlsx (1120 kB)
CSV REPORTS

APPENDIX 9 - MASS SPECTRA.pdf (12850 kB)
MASS SPECTRA

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