Journal or Book Title
AFM image of 17 nanodevices with a zoom-in cartoon schematically shows an individual crosspoint device consisting of two Pt metal electrodes separated by a TiO2 bi-layer memristive material. By applying an electric field across the memristive material, oxygen vacancies can drift up and down, leading to four current-transport end-states. The switching between these end-states results in a family of nanodevices.
Yang, Jianhua; Borghetti, Julien; Murphy, David; Stewart, Duncan; and Williams, R Stanley, "A Family of Electronically Reconfigurable Nanodevices" (2009). Advanced Materials. 1176.